Ph.D., New York University, 2004. Associate Professor of Political Science. His research looks at how political institutions affect democratic representation, with a particular focus on electoral rules and party systems. In addition to numerous articles in leading journals, such as the American Journal of Political Science, the British Journal of Political Science, the Journal of Politics, and Political Analysis, he has also published a textbook on comparative politics, Principles of Comparative Politics. He is currently working on two research projects. The first looks at negative campaigning in a multi-party context, while the second examines the relationship between religious participation, economic development, and political attitudes. In addition to serving as chair of the American Political Science Association's Section on Representation and Electoral Systems (2011-2013), he is also a member of the executive board for the Making Electoral Democracy Work project led by André Blais at the University of Montreal and the advisory board for the Electoral Integrity Project led by Pippa Norris at Harvard University. He is currently the co-editor of the Newsletter for the Comparative Politics Section of the American Political Science Association and has served on the editorial boards for the American Journal of Political Science, Comparative Political Studies, and the Journal of Politics. His research has been funded by Canada's Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. More information can be found at his website and on his Google scholar profile.